A Comprehensive Guide To Off-Roading Terms

Is an off-roading vehicle like the newly redesigned 2024 Tacoma Trailhunter that was featured at SEMA, worth it? Opening up the gates to the off-roading world comes with a learning curve of navigating the off-roading trails. Toyota of Clermont experts are here to give you a guide to the top off-roading terms for a successful first adventure. off-roading terms

Let’s Get into the Off-Roading Terms

Let’s get into these off-roading terms for your future off-roading adventures. It’s so important get a rundown before you hit the trails.

The Basics of Off-Roading Terms

  • Air down: When you go on your off-roading adventure you lower the air pressure in your tires. The air down increases traction and allows the ride over rough terrain to be smooth like butter. 
  • CB (CB radio): This is a two-way radio for the trucks on the trail to communicate. 
  • Low Gear: Clermont Toyota off-roading vehicles usually have both high and low gears – which are 4H and 4L. The low gears work by allowing the axle to spin at a low rpm with a huge amount of torque. They are best to use for slow speeds and off-roading trails like rock crawling that require a lot of power for control on the rocky terrain. 
  • High Gear: If you find yourself on some wet terrain with ice, snow, and mud, then you will probably use a high gear on your Clermont Toyota, which is similar to low gear. However, high gears spin at a higher rpm with less torque. 
  • Bottom-out: This off-roading term indicates when the truck’s suspension is fully compressed and its bump stops won’t allow further suspension travel. This isn’t a good thing on off-roading roads because it can damage the underside of your car if it gets too low. 

Diving into Technical Off-Roading Terms

  • Approach angle: This represents the maximum incline angle that a truck can climb or decline without hitting the front of the vehicle. 
  • Departure angle: This represents the angle when the hill’s too steep and you try to descend it, you may find that your rear bumper will smack down as you go down the hill. 
  • Breakover angle: This represents the angle that ties into the departure and approach angle. This is the angle that your Clermont Toyota reaches over the top of the hill. You can measure it by the wheelbase and ground clearance. 

Learning Toyota’s Off-Roading Features Terms

  • Active traction control: This is an off-roading safety feature that allows your Clermont Toyota to detect when a wheel has lost traction and alerts the brakes to the specific wheel that doesn’t have traction, which allows it to send more power to the wheel with traction on off-roading terrain. 
  • Locking differential: On the off-roading trails, you may encounter plenty of rocky terrain, locking differentials are used to lock your Clermont Toyota’s axles together to give full capacity of torque to the wheels that are operating with traction. 
  • Downhill assist control: Our Clermont Toyotas have downhill assist control that works with your brakes and your traction control to help your vehicle slowly but surely navigate downhill terrain. It does this by tracking your terrain using advanced technology to adjust your Toyota’s brakes. Then, the wheels to the right amounts of power to get down the hill smoothly. 
  • Hill-start assist control: Opposite from Downhill assists control, hill-start assist control reduces the chance of your Clermont Toyota rolling backward when you take your foot off the brake to press on the gas. It does this by the HAC slowing down the reduction in brake pressure to allow you to accelerate up the hill in peace. 
  • Four-wheel drive: You may have heard of four-wheel drive before, but are unclear on what exactly it means. It’s the feature on your car that allows you to send power to all four wheels. It locks the front and rear driveshafts together, keeping the front and rear axles turning at the same speed. Then, torque travels to one of the front wheels and the rear wheels making it a great feature for an off-roading vehicle. 
  • All-wheel drive: Cars with all-wheel drive have advanced technology that tweaks each wheel to help maintain traction depending on the circumstances. It is optimal for driving on the pavement or in rainy weather. 
  • Multi-terrain select: These can be around four different modes on your new Toyota, it can adjust the throttle, brakes, and traction control to regulate wheelspin on different types of terrain for more control and handling capabilities. 
  • CRAWL Control: We would compare this to the cruise control of off-roading features. It is a system that automatically adjusts the throttle and brakes all while controlling your speed. It even works on uneven surfaces to ensure you can focus on steering. 
  • Limited slip differential: It is a backup for your off-roading vehicle that provides improved traction on your car. For example, the limited-slip differential reduces the select wheelspin so that when a wheel loses traction. Also, it can sense this and send power to the wheel with the most grip to help you move your Clermont Toyota on the trails. 

Prep your vehicle at Toyota of Clermont

Want to prep your ride for off-roading? Call Toyota of Clermont today – our parts store is ready and waiting to help you get ready. You can reach them seven days a week at (352) 404-7001!